Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences

Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: IJPMR Publishing Press, India.
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Sep/29

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine, Health and Wellness
  • Publisher's keywords: Medicine, Health
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: 6 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2014
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Other
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '459' articles

Effectiveness of carbohydrate diet restriction in type 2 diabetes mellitus on insulin and incretin-based therapies

Effectiveness of carbohydrate diet restriction in type 2 diabetes mellitus on insulin and incretin-based therapies

Authors: Raju Panta*, Panta
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 1
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Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of DM characterized by variable degrees of hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and impaired insulin secretion. Insulin resistance and progressive failure of pancreatic β-cells reduce insulin secretion and consequently increase blood glucose and free fatty acid levels. The deterioration of pancreatic β-cell function in T2DM leads to therapeutic failure of oral agents over time. Hence, the most T2DM patients ultimately require insulin therapy, which may cause hypoglycemia. Regular carbohydrate intake with respect to time and amount reduces the risk for hypoglycemia in DM patients on fixed daily insulin doses. In T2DM, obesity aggravates the metabolic abnormalities such as hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Weight loss and exercise improve insulin resistance, glycemic control, and reduce risk factors in overweight and obese T2DM patients. Low caloric but healthful eating pattern promotes weight loss in overweight or obese T2DM adult patients. Incretins are released after ingestion of a meal augment the secretion of insulin and this account for the greater insulin response to oral glucose than to intravenous glucose. Incretin-based therapies along with reduced insulin doses sustain glycemic control without an increase in hypoglycemia or weight gain. The low-carbohydrate diets in T2DM patients on insulin and incretin-based therapies could increase the likelihood of hypoglycemia. Hence, as prevention of hypoglycemia is an essential part in the management of DM, the individualized dietary plan or eating pattern and adjustment of insulin and incretin doses should be considered for each patient based on his or her glycemic control.

Keywords: Hypoglycemia, incretin-based therapies, insulin, low-carbohydrate diets, type 2 diabetes mellitus
Autologous platelet rich fibrin

Autologous platelet rich fibrin

Authors: Shashant Avinash* Gaurav Malhotra, Pradeep Shukla, Prerna Kataria
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine whether the addition of autologous platelet rich fibrin(PRF) membrane to a coronally advanced flap(CAF) would improve the outcome of the root coverage procedure. Material and methods: systematically 10 healthy patients with miller’s class I and class II gingival recession defect were selected and divided into control (CAF) and test site (CAF&PRF). Clinical outcome was analysed on the basis of Plaque index(PI), Gingival Index (GI), Pocket Depth (PD), Clinical attachment loss(CAL), Width of keratinized gingiva(KT),Percentage root coverage (RC).Result: The root coverage was 61.66±33.379% at the end of 6 month in control site, and 63.33±20.48% at the end of 6 month post treatment .Conclusion:- CAF is a predictable treatment for the isolated millers class I and class II recession defect

Keywords: Plaque, index, defect.
A comparative study of antimicrobial sensitivity patterns in neonatal infections in 2011 and 2014 in a tertiary care hospital of east India

A comparative study of antimicrobial sensitivity patterns in neonatal infections in 2011 and 2014 in a tertiary care hospital of east India

Authors: NC Nanda
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Objectives: To compare the antimicrobial sensitivity patterns in neonatal infections in the year 2011 and 2014 in a Tertiary care Hospital in east India. Methodology: A retrospective study was done by collecting data from medical records of 150 neonates with positive cultures for blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid in a Tertiary care hospital of Rourkela, Odisha. The antibiotic sensitivity patterns of the years 2011 and 2014 were tabulated. The data was analyzed using chi square test. Results: A statistically significant decrease in resistance to Ampicillin was seen in 2014 when compared to 2011 (p value=0.011) Conclusion: The advent of higher antibiotics has led to decreased use of baseline antibiotics like Ampicillin. The subsequent "drug vacation" may have led to the lower Ampicillin resistance.

Keywords: Ampicillin, Antibiotic Resistance, Drug Vacation, Neonate.
Evaluation of Nutritional Status in Elderly Patients with NRS-2002 Screening Test and Comparison of Results with Laboratory Parameters

Evaluation of Nutritional Status in Elderly Patients with NRS-2002 Screening Test and Comparison of Results with Laboratory Parameters

Authors:
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Nutritional deficiencies are more common in the elderly who receive home care services than general elderly population. Objectives: In this study, it is aimed to investigate the relationship between nutritional status of elderly patients receiving home health care services and laboratory parameters. Methods: This study included 178 patients who agreed to participate in the program from a 65-year-old or older patient at the home health care program. The methodology applied the nutritional risk scanning evaluation form as a face-to-face study. Data were evaluated a significance level of p<0.05. Results: The ages of the subjects participating in the study ranged from 65 to 103 years. According to the total values of NRS-2002, 34.3% were undernourished, and 73% had a risk of malnutrition. The NRS-2002 total classification laboratory test values have a statistically significant difference (p<0.01).The study detected low total protein, albumin, iron, total iron-binding capacity, folic acid and high vitamin B12 at a meaningful and high level (p<0.05) in the non-risk cases. C-reactive protein was significantly higher, and high triglyceride levels were significantly lower (p<0.05).Conclusions: Elderly patients who need health care at home should undergo extensive laboratory tests and physical examinations that asses anamnesis, physical and mental functions, and should receive screening specifically for the risk of malnutrition

Keywords:
Histopathological patterns in endometrial biopsy associated with abnormal uterine bleeding

Histopathological patterns in endometrial biopsy associated with abnormal uterine bleeding

Authors: Ashumi Gupta
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the most common gyenocological problems that affects women worldwide. We studied patterns of endometrial biopsy pathology in abnormal uterine bleeding in a tertiary care hospital in a metropolitan city. Retrospective study of 518 cases of endometrial samples were studied in patients presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding. Clinical data and endometrial biopsy findings were recorded. The age of the patients varied, ranging from 18 years to 70 years. Maximum number of patients presented in the age group 40-49 years (49.2%), followed by 30-39 years (34.9%). The patients presented most commonly as menorrhagia (48.6%). Cyclical pattern was the most common finding on endometrial biopsy including secretory (33.4%) followed by proliferative pattern (31.3%), gestational causes (9.8%), endometrial hyperplasia (7.1%) chronic endometritis (4.0%), endometrial polyp (3.0%), irregular endometrium (4.2%), malignancy (1.7%) and atrophic endometrium (0.6%). Endometrial hyperplasias and malignancy were more frequently seen in patients presenting ≥40 yrs of age. Pregnancy associated causes of abnormal bleeding were more common in patients of reproductive age group i.e. <40yrs. Endometrial biopsy is the usual investigation performed in abnormal uterine bleeding and it can help to determine the etiology and decide the management in these cases. Patients in reproductive age group may have an underlying pregnancy associated cause of abnormal bleeding. Endometrial hyperplasia and malignancy must be excluded in patients presenting at or above 40 yrs of age.

Keywords: Endometrial biopsy, abnormal uterine bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia.
Risk Factors for a Second Episode of Hemoptysis

Risk Factors for a Second Episode of Hemoptysis

Authors:
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Of lung diseases, Hemoptysis is an alarming symptom. It is difficult for clinicians to choose how to deal with patients who had a single episode of hemoptysis, especially if the cause is unknown. Using multivariate analysis, investigations were done to see whether any factor in the initial episode could be a predictor of second episode. Aim: In this study, by using multivariate analysis, to check whether any clinical factor present during initial episode of hemoptysis are useful predictors of second episode of hemoptysis. Materials and Methods: 100 Patients with initial episode of hemoptysis, their medical records were reviewed. Patients who had undergone both chest CT and bronchoscopic examinations were selected in the study. Results: 100 patients were selected. From bronchial lavage fluid, active and inactive fluid were isolated in 17 (17%) cases. On further examination, diagnosis was not established in 27 (27%) cases. The predictors of hemoptysis were bacteria from bronchial lavage which has shown a 62 patients were negative for bacteria and 7 patients were positive for bacteria out of a total of 69 patients in initial episode and 21 patients showed negative to bacteria and 10 patients showed positive to bacteria out of a total of 31 patients in reccurent episode. All the demographic details of initial episode and recurrent cases are insignificant on comparision. Most of the cases of recurrent cases are positive for bacteria from bronchial lavage and ethiology is known. Regardless of the volume of the initial episode, the failure to determine the etiology of an initial episode of hemoptysis was associated with an increased risk of a massive second episode (P = 0.040).Conclusion: There is an increased possibility of a second episode of hemoptysis in patients with bacterial colonization of the respiratory tract or an initial episode of hemoptysis of unknown etiology.

Keywords: Hemoptysis, Blood, Multivariate Analysis.
Stability indicating simultaneous validation of Paracetamol, Phenylpropanolamine and Triprolidine with forced degradation behavior study by RP-HPLC in pharmaceutical dosage form

Stability indicating simultaneous validation of Paracetamol, Phenylpropanolamine and Triprolidine with forced degradation behavior study by RP-HPLC in pharmaceutical dosage form

Authors: Anurag Mishra
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

A simple, precise, and accurate RP-HPLC method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous assay of Paracetamol, Phenylpropanolamine and Triprolidinein tablet dosage form. Isocratic RP-HPLC method was developed on BDS hypersil C18, (250mm×4.6mm internal diameter, 5µ particle size) using mobile phase as Water (pH-4.0): Methanol (70:30v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min and the detection was carried out at 220nm using tunable absorbance detector (Waters 486). Forced degradation study was carried out by acid degradation, base degradation, thermal degradation, oxidation of the drug. The method was validated for linearity, precision, accuracy and robustness. It was found to ideally resolve the peaks with retention time (RT) 4.053min,5.603min and 11.083 min for Phenylpropanolamine, Paracetamol and Triprolidine respectively.The method was found to be linear in the concentration range of 50-150𝜇g/mL with correlation coefficient of 0.9994 for Paracetamol,2.5-7.5𝜇g/mL with correlation coefficient of 0.9995 for Phenylpropanolamineand 2.5-7.5𝜇g/mLwith correlation coefficient of 0.9992 for Triprolidine. Degradation products produced as a result of stress studies did not interfere with the detection of Paracetamol, Phenylpropanolamine and Triprolidine; therefore, the assay can be considered to be stability indicating.

Keywords: HPLC, Paracetamol, Phenylpropanolamine, Triprolidine, Validation, Forced degradation.
Comparative evaluation of osteoprotegerin levels in patient with chronic periodontitis before and after scaling and root planning (A clinico biochemical study)

Comparative evaluation of osteoprotegerin levels in patient with chronic periodontitis before and after scaling and root planning (A clinico biochemical study)

Authors: Anil CK
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection characterized by persistent inflammation, connective tissue breakdown, and alveolar bone destruction. The result showed that it shows that scaling and root planing is efficient in reducing the gingival bleeding index scores, Probing Depth and Attachment Loss in chronic periodontitis patients. The study also proved that scaling and root planing was efficient in increasing the OPG scores in chronic periodontitis patients.

Keywords: Adolecent, Reproductive Health, Sexual Heallth, Dans Education.
Clinical Examination for Complex Fistula in Ano: Relevance in Present Times -A Clinical Study

Clinical Examination for Complex Fistula in Ano: Relevance in Present Times -A Clinical Study

Authors: Bushra Khan
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Fistula in Ano has been known as a chronic painful disease since centuries past with no proven well defined course of management even till the present times. This has given rise to various forms of treatment ranging from seton to flaps. Materials and Methods: Total 83 adult patients with age ranging from 16 to 70 years were studied over a span of 8 years starting from Jan’10 to Dec’17. Clinical findings were compared with MR Imaging and correlated with Intraoperative Methylene blue injection. The findings were tabulated and compared regarding effectiveness of each method in determining the exact anatomy of the fistula and statistical significance was determined by Chi square test. Results: Our studies showed that the chances of detecting the internal opening by clinical examination is significantly better than MRI, however neither clinical examination nor MRI is a full proof mechanism for detecting the type of fistula. Conclusion: Even though Imaging is better at detecting the fistula anatomy there is still a role for a proper clinical examination in outpatient department. Clinical Examination compares favorably with MR Imaging in detecting Internal Opening of a Fistula. Even in complicated Fistulas, a proper clinical examination is better than Imaging in detection of anatomy of a fistula, even though there is no statistically significant difference between the two methods.

Keywords: Intraoperative Methylene Blue; Fistula InAno; MRI; Fistulectomy; Seton.
Attenuation of hypertensive response with esmolol and labetalol in low doses in orotrachealintubation: A comparative study

Attenuation of hypertensive response with esmolol and labetalol in low doses in orotrachealintubation: A comparative study

Authors: N.Naveen Kumar
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: The golden standard is rigid laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation in airway management. Aim: To study efficacy in stress response prevention on laryngoscopy and intubation and to study hemodynamic parameters intraoperatively. Materials and Methods: This study was a prospective, randomised, double blinded study which was conducted .Results: In both the study groups had similar demographicpro file. During laryngoscopy and intubation, esmolol and labetalol showed rise in heart rate, systolic blood pressure and RPP, whereas the values for MAP and DBP was not statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Labetalol is more effective when compared to esmolol in attenuating the sympathomimetic effect of laryngoscopy and intubation in lower doses.

Keywords: Attenuation, Intubation, Laryngoscopy.
Which exercise type is more effective for diabetic patients?

Which exercise type is more effective for diabetic patients?

Authors: Başar Öztürk
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a widespread worldwide disease. Exercise therapy is an effective method but which exercise types are more effective is an important question. Objectives: This study was designed to compare the effects of three different exercise programs on physical function and quality of life in Type 2 DM. Method: Forty-two patients with Type 2 DM participated in the study. The patients were randomly assigned to three groups. Client based exercises in accordance with physiotherapy assessment were applied to group 1 (aged 51.42±4.60 years; body mass index 35.28±4.21 kg/m² kg/m²), Clinical Plates exercises were applied to group 2 (aged 53.07 ±5.12 years; body mass index 35.56±4.83 kg/m²) and a standard program including calisthenic exercises were applied to group 3 for 12 weeks, 3 days a week. 6 minutes walk test (6 MWT) and physiological cost index (PCI), timed up and go test (TUG) and SF-36 quality of life questionnaire were performed before and after the 12-week exercise program. Results: Intra-group comparison of pre-post treatment values showed that in the first group, there were significant differences after treatment in TUG, 6 MWT, PCI, body mass index and SF-36. Moreover, inter-group comparison showed that there were significant differences in TUG, 6 MWT, PCI and SF-36 compared to other groups in first group (p<0.05). Conclusion: These results confirm that, client based exercise protocol is more effective than other exercise protocols in terms of quality of life and physical performance. So this exercise protocol may be a beneficial alternative.

Keywords: Exercise, Physical performance, Physiological cost index, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards cervical cancer screening among female medical students at the Copperbelt University School of Medicine, Zambia

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards cervical cancer screening among female medical students at the Copperbelt University School of Medicine, Zambia

Authors: E. Kabelega Kabelenga
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Introduction: In Zambia, cervical cancer is the most frequent cancer among women aged between 15 and 44 years and as a result, free cervical cancer screening has been rolled out to many health facilities countrywide in order to minimize cervical cancer morbidity and mortality. However, despite all these efforts, no study has been conducted to determine the knowledge, attitude and practices towards cervical cancer screening among medical students at the public universities in Zambia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among female medical students in clinical years at the Copperbelt University, school of medicine between May and July, 2017. Simple random sampling method was used to select a total of 72 participants. Data was collected through standardized pre tested tools. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Tropical Disease Research Centre, Ndola Zambia. Data was analyzed using STATA 13.0 statistical software. Univariate analysis was performed. Results: A total of 72 female students were enrolled into the study. Most (79.2%) of the participants were below 30 years of age. All the participants were knowledgeable while 86.1% had positive attitude towards cervical cancer screening. However, only 22 (30.6%) participants had gone for cervical cancer screening. Conclusion and recommendations: Our study has demonstrated that despite good knowledge and attitude on cervical cancer and its screening, uptake of free screening remains low among female medical students at the Copperbelt University. We recommend that the Copperbelt University intensifies campaigns on cervical cancer screening program to increase the uptake.

Keywords: Attitude; Cervical cancer screening; Knowledge; Practice; Zambia.
Ultrasound Versus Nerve Stimulator guided Technique of supraclavicular nerve block for upper limb surgery: A prospective randomized comparative study

Ultrasound Versus Nerve Stimulator guided Technique of supraclavicular nerve block for upper limb surgery: A prospective randomized comparative study

Authors: S.Ramakrishna Krishna
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Peripheral nerve stimulator (PNS) guided and ultrasound (US) guided techniques allows better localization of the nerve/plexus. Ultrasound for supraclavicular brachial plexus block has improved the success rate of the block with excellent localization as well as improved safety margin. Aims and Objectives: To compare peripheral nerve stimulator guided technique and ultrasound guided technique of supraclavicular brachial plexus block for upper limb surgeries. Materials and Methods: We carried a prospective randomized single blind comparative study in 100 patients requiring upper limb surgeries. Supraclavicular brachial plexus block was given using 0.5% Ropivacaine. The sample were randomly allocated in to two groups of 50 each. Group US patients received supraclavicular brachial plexus block under ultrasound guidance and in Group PNS patients, nerve stimulator guided technique was used. The parameters assessed were procedure time, onset and duration of sensory and motor blockade and complications. Statistical Analysis: Independent t‑test was used to compare mean between groups; Chi‑square test for categorical variables. Results: The procedure time was 8.2±1.32 minutes in group PNS and 6.34±1.02 minutes in group US (p˂0.0001). The onset of sensory and motor block was 7.79±1.21 minutes and 9.63±1.41 minutes in group PNS and 6.53±1.13 minutes and 8.01±1.18 minutes respectively in group US (p˂0.0001). The time to achieve complete block was 17.02±1.31 minutes in group PNS and 14.82±1.24 minutes in group US (p˂0.0001). The duration of sensory and motor block was 7 hours 10 minutes and 6 hours 15 minutes for group PNS and 8 hours and 7 hours respectively in group US. The success rate was 90% in group PNS and 96% in Group US. None of the patients in either groups developed any complications. Conclusion: The ultrasound‑guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block can be done quicker, with a faster onset of sensory and motor block compared to nerve stimulator technique for supraclavicular brachial plexus block for upper limb surgeries.

Keywords: Nerve stimulator, Supraclavicular block, Ultrasound, Upper limb surgery.
Association of Depression, Anxiety and Stress with Cognitive functions in female dental students

Association of Depression, Anxiety and Stress with Cognitive functions in female dental students

Authors: Sai Kumar Sailesh
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Professional courses in medical education are highly stressful and students must be aware of the stress and the coping methods in the beginning of the course itself. Excessive, ill managed stress leads to depression and further suicidal tendency. Student suicides have become common news in today’s era. It was reported that depression, anxiety and stress has negative impact on cognition. If the student has higher levels of stress, his academic performance decreases. This leads to increase in the stress further. Objective: The present study was undertaken to observe the association of depression, anxiety and stress with cognitive functions in female dental students. Methodology: A total of 34 female students studying second year BDS were included in the study after obtaining the written informed consent. Depression, anxiety and stress were assessed by using DASS 21 questionnaire. Cognitive functions were assessed by using digit symbol substitution test. Data was analyzed by SPSS 20.0. Pearson correlation coefficient was applied to observe the association between the variables.Results: For association of depression and cognition, the value of R is -0.5212. This is a moderate negative correlation. The value of R2, the coefficient of determination, is 0.2716. For association of anxiety and cognition, the value of R is -0.268. This indicates negative correlation. The value of R2, the coefficient of determination, is 0.0718. For association between the stress and cognition, the value of R is -0.1718, which indicates a negative correlation. The value of R2, the coefficient of determination, is 0.0295.Conclusion: There was negative correlation between the depression, anxiety and stress and cognitive functions. It is the need of time to increase awareness in students about stress and train them with coping methods to improve their academic performance and to limit student suicides in our country.

Keywords: Depression; Anxiety; Stress; Dental students
A study to assess the level of knowledge regarding prevention of PIH among antenatal primi gravida mothers in selected hospital, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

A study to assess the level of knowledge regarding prevention of PIH among antenatal primi gravida mothers in selected hospital, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Authors: K Chitra
Year: 2018, Volume: 5, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Lo, children are a heritage of the lord and the fruit of the womb is his reward. “Bountiful birth and human being born brings us into the spirit of creation, where the human spirit is courageous and brave and the body, a wonder of wisdom.” Having a baby is absolutely solitary joyful experiences in a women’s life. The child birth for a mother is an important contribution to the motherhood and is highly personal and individual experience. Journey in life is equally important as arriving at the destination. They crossing towards giving child birth can be a long and painful experience but the outcome is very sweet. Women may not have problems during pregnancy but some are not so lucky, face various problems related to pregnancy and child birth. In India mothers and children who constitute a large group are highly vulnerable and many problems make them a special risk. Pregnancy is a one of the wonderful and Nobel service by nature, no women shrink, most of the normal physiological process and not a disease, but it is associated with certain risks to the mother and for the infant she bears. These risks are common in every society and every setting, but in developed countries these risks have been largely overcome because every pregnant woman has access to special care. Still some of pregnant womens with elevated blood pressure have normal babies without any serious problems, but elevated blood pressure can be dangerous for equally the mother as well as fetus. Women with pre obtainable disorders are further likely to have complications during pregnancy then those with usual blood pressure. Conversely some women expand high blood pressure while they are pregnant habitually called gestational hypertension. The result of elevated blood pressure can damage the mother’s kidneys and other organs and it can leads to low birth weight and early delivery. In the most of the serious cases the mother develops pre Eclampsia or Toxemia of fetus. Objective: The main aim of the study was to bring the positive outcome of knowledge among antenatal primi mothers regarding prevention of pregnancy induced hypertension in shri Mahant Indiresh hospital, Patel nagar, Dehradun. Materials and Methods: A simple descriptive study was undertaken at Shri Mahant Indiresh Hospital at Dehradun from July 18th, 2012 to 25th July were data was collected from 60 antenatal mothers. The purpose of the study was to assess the level of knowledge among antenatal primi mothers regarding prevention of PIH. The instruments used for data collection was questionnaire method which consists of knowledge regarding prevention of PIH data was analyzed using questionnaire method. Results: The findings are summarized as around 65% of antenatal mothers were age between 21-25 years. About 80% of antenatal mothers were Hindu background, 40% of graduated antenatal mothers, 75% of antenatal mothers were house wives, 55% of antenatal mothers were from nuclear family, and 70% of antenatal mothers from urban area. About 75% of antenatal mothers were had previous knowledge regarding PIH, and 50% of them got sources of information from televisions. Conclusion: Highest (68%) of antenatal mothers were having average knowledge, 25% of them were having good knowledge, and only 7% were having poor knowledge regarding prevention of PIH.

Keywords: Antenatal mother, primi gravida, level of knowledge, pregnancy induced hypertension.

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