International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation

International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation

Basic info

  • Publisher: International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation
  • Country of publisher: jordan
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Nov/13

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  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

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  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

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  • Open Access Statement: No
  • Year open access content began: 2018
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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This journal has '99' articles

A New Generation of Readers in the Digital age: Attentive or Distracted?

A New Generation of Readers in the Digital age: Attentive or Distracted?

Authors: Zakia DJEBBARI, Houda DJEBBARI
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Within a progressively high knowledge-based society, globally-oriented world, and diverse society, making sure that our students are well equipped with the necessary tools and competences to live in this digital age is, in fact, one of the prevalent challenges facing today’s education. Indeed, the novel nature of reading and readers has enormously changed as digital texts and technologies become more prevalent. Thus, teachers are under the pressure to shape their teaching visions to more mobile-based reading ways that will cope with learners’ new requirements to exist, struggle, and cooperate in a newly global scenario. Thus, the present paper attempts at reflecting upon the challenging task of teachers, from developing world, to incorporate new educational technologies into their typical classrooms in general and reading practice in particular for a better teaching/learning experience. Nonetheless, one should be cognisant of the fact that despite the growing importance of ICTs in education, there is no “magic bullet” that will answer all existing challenges (Schramm, 1977), still there is a lack of a structured approach based on collaboration, innovation, development and implementation of educational technologies. Hence, incorporating technology within the reading process may create a challenging problem at this level; do our learners, in such a technological scenario, read as attentively and thoroughly as required? How do their brains respond to onscreen text than to words on paper? Should teachers be worried about dividing learners’ attention between pixels and ink? This paper will answer these questions and many other concerns.

Keywords: Reading skills, ICTs, EFL, technology-based reading, digital age, attentive vs. distractive reading, paper or pixel-based reading
Post-Secondary Arabian Gulf Students and Their State of English: Common Grammatical, Spelling, and Pronunciation Errors

Post-Secondary Arabian Gulf Students and Their State of English: Common Grammatical, Spelling, and Pronunciation Errors

Authors: Jalal Uddin Khan
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Having hardly learnt any English or having at best learnt wrong English (which is worse than no English) during their junior and secondary school years and having little or no exposure to English outside their classrooms, and partly due to certain weaknesses and shortcomings in what the teachers teach and how they teach, college students in some Arabian Gulf countries, with few exceptions, of course, continue to make (even after five years of English) silly, sloppy, lousy, and awkward errors/mistakes—grammatical, spelling, and pronunciation—in writing as well as speaking. The density of such errors is ridiculously high. This article provides some details and makes some suggestions about how to help students improve.

Keywords: Arabian Gulf countries; Spelling; Grammar; Pronunciation
A Thematic Study of Repetition in Taha Hussein’s The Call of the Curlew

A Thematic Study of Repetition in Taha Hussein’s The Call of the Curlew

Authors: Ibrahem Bani Abdo Bani Abdo, Safa Abu Mousa
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

This analytical study examines Taha Hussein’s The Call of the Curlew uses of repetitions as a stylistic feature which represents specific functions intended by the original author according to Nida's dynamic equivalence and compared to their equivalents in TT. The loss of meaning that comes out from deletion; the intended function by the original author; and the loss of theme and rheme that happens while deleting the repetition are the core of this study. The study includes content analysis of ten random selected examples from the novel and was based on Munday (2008 & 2010); Dickins et al (2002); Venuti (2013); Johnstone (1991); Hermans (2009); Chesterman (1997) and Bassnett (1980). The Study concludes that the translator tries to delete such a repetition to follow naturalness. Naturalness is not the appropriate strategy of translating repetition where it used as a stylistic feature by the original author. Loss of meaning and loss of theme-rheme order occur too.

Keywords: Naturalness, theme-rheme, repetition, Dynamic equivalence, Meanings’loss
The effect of the Translators’ Ideology in the Translation of Qur’an

The effect of the Translators’ Ideology in the Translation of Qur’an

Authors: Ibrahem Bani Abdo Bani Abdo, Safa Abu Mousa
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

This study examines the translation of Qur’an by two translators. Each translator has different ethnic backgrounds such as religion. The study investigates the effect of religions’ ideologies in translating the holly Qur’an. One of the translators is Muslim and the other is Christian. The problem is that ideology of each translator may affect the translation of holly Qur’an negatively causing some difference in meaning while translating the original. The method used in this paper is content analysis methods of ten samples (verses) taken from each translation into English. Each sample contains a verse in Arabic and its translation into English by the two translators where George Sale is a Christian and Abdel Haleem who is a Muslim. The samples are based on Fairclough (2002), Hatim and Mason (2005), Chesterman (1997), Venuti (2005) and Nord (1991). The study concludes a meaningful reading of English version of Qur’an by a Muslim translator who is not going to be affected by different ideology rather than other translators of different religions’ ideologies. Ideologies are the tools that the translator manipulates to give different intention to the ST.

Keywords: Qur’an, translation, ideology, foreignization, manipulation
Ecolexicon of Kaghati Shape in Muna Speech Community

Ecolexicon of Kaghati Shape in Muna Speech Community

Authors: Nirmalasari ., Aron Meko Mbete, I Wayan Simpen, Anak Agung Putu Putra
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

This article describes the ecolexicon of kaghati shapes in Muna Speech Community (MSC) through ecolinguistic perspective. The kite ‘kaghati’ is one of the traditional games and a tribal cultural product in MSC. The aims of this article are to: 1) find and describe the ecolexicon of kaghati shape; and 2) analyze the dynamics of intergenerational understanding of ecolexicon. The method used in this research is qualitative and supported by quantitative method. The data needed were obtained by observation, interview, and questionnaire methods. Thereafter, the data is reduced and classified based on its ecolexicon. Then, the questionnaire test is conducted upon 150 respondents who were born and lived in Muna regency, Lia Ngkobori and Wali villages. The range of the respondents’ ages was from 15 to 65 years (young, middle, and old generation).Based on data analysis, there were two findings found: (1) the ecolexicon of kaghati shape consist of ten lexicons as nominal and abiotic category, such as bhate gusi, sala bhate, bhate burungo/kura-kura fotu, bhate dhangkonu, bhate dhalebha, bhate tombolai, bhate mboreranga, bhate kamanu-manu, bhate kaensewoka and bhate todo pani. Those lexicons are dilated by the three dimensions of social praxis. (2) There is a different level of understanding about the ecolexicon of kaghati shape. The old generation (46-65 years) has high level of understanding with an average of 88% (very good); the middle generation (25-45 years) with an average of 48% (less); and the young generation (15-24 years) with an average of 11% (very less).

Keywords: Shape, kaghati, Muna language, ecolinguistic, Muna speech community, dynamic understanding
Investigating the Inadequacy of Machine Translation in Conveying the Sense and Sensibility Towards Arabic Texts Translated into English

Investigating the Inadequacy of Machine Translation in Conveying the Sense and Sensibility Towards Arabic Texts Translated into English

Authors: Hassan Mahill Abdallah Hassan, Abdelrahman Elyass Mohamed Abdelmajd Abdelmajd, Aziz Abdulrab Saleh Al Salafi Al Salafi
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the inadequacy of Machine Translation for reflecting the intended meaning of Arabic translation words into English. The researchers have adopted the qualitative method and the content analysis as a tool for collecting data relevant to the study and needed to highlight the importance of sense and sensibility in translating Arabic text. The sample of this study was randomly selected from Sudanese folklore songs performed by a Sudanese Great Singer, Mohammed Wardi. The marks obtained from the analysis were compared. From one hand, the results have revealed that Machine Translation is inadequate for reflecting the intended meaning of Arabic translation words into English. The result has also shown that the Machine Translation does not have great significance in conveying the sense and sensibility towards Arabic translated texts.

Keywords: Machine Translation, Defining Culture-Bound Terms, Source Language and Target Language.
Investigating the Role of Classroom Interactional Activities in Developing University Students' Writing Skills at Arab Countries

Investigating the Role of Classroom Interactional Activities in Developing University Students' Writing Skills at Arab Countries

Authors: Hassan Mahill Abdallah Hassan, Mohammad Kamal Uddin, Rana Muhammad Nadeem Akhtar
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the extent to which teachers can play an effective role to develop students' writing skills through classroom interaction at the Arab Countries Universities. The researcher has adopted the qualitative method as well as the test as a tool for collecting data relevant to the study. It is an attempt to highlight the importance of classroom interactional activities in developing students' writing skills. The sample of this study comprises of non-specialized students who study English as requirement at the Arab Countries Universities as a representative sample. The marks obtained from the test were compared. Accordingly, the results have revealed that classroom interactional activities play a great role in developing students' writing skill. The result has also shown that the test significance indicates that there is equivalence among students after being exposed to classroom interactional activities. Therefore, this indicates that students are in need of interaction activities to develop their writing skills.

Keywords: Discourse Community, Discourse Analysis, Classroom Interactional Competence, Classroom Interactional Activities and English as Foreign Language.
Edward Albee’s The Zoo Story as the Play of Absurd and the Themes of Existentialism

Edward Albee’s The Zoo Story as the Play of Absurd and the Themes of Existentialism

Authors: Manoj Kumar Yadav, Meenakshi Sharma Yadav
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

This paper investigates the themes of existentialism and absurdity in The Zoo Story, is a master piece play of the absurdity in the mood, where the playwright explores the different themes of existentialism, isolation, loneliness, paradox incommunication as anathematization, social disparity and dehumanization in an artificial, produced and materialistic American society. These are some of the features of absurd play that reveal all the elements of absurd and social criticism in the sense of behavior, habits, and customs in the play. Edward Albee applies the absurd techniques to show a real like image of the south-east American multicultural society in the frame of present unreasonable, mental apathetic states, and self-destructive devalues of the generations throughout the play. The point is brought home by a meeting between two characters, Jerry and Peter. The whole action is in the form of a conversation between them until it culminates in the death of Jerry.

Keywords: Absurditism, Alienation, Dehumanization, Bourgeoisie, Pornographic, Existentialism, Dadaism.
Metaphorical Expression on Kaghati in Muna language: Ecolinguistic Perspective

Metaphorical Expression on Kaghati in Muna language: Ecolinguistic Perspective

Authors: La Ino, Nirmalasari ., La Ode Sidu
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

This paper aims at describing metaphors on kaghati that used by the language community in Muna. Kaghati is a typical kite of the Muna tribe. The whole material of kaghati is obtained from the natural environment. Therefore, the interactions, interrelationships and interdependencies between Muna Speech Community (MSC) and nature are very high. For that, they always try to maintain the balance of nature. The degree of familirity is shown through metaphorical expressions created in the kaghati environment.The metaphorical frames are structured by forms of interaction of two models; a source and a target domain. The method employed was qualitative approach and the data obtained was from five informants who were born in Muna, especially in Lia Ngkobori village. The range of the ages was from 35 to 70 years and they also married the locals. The numbers of metaphors are nine pieces which commonly used as vernacular. In general, metaphors of Muna language constituted by the body of kaghati as the source domain and kaghati’s character in the sky or human’s behavior or his manner stands as the target domain. The relationship of both was processed in thought of the users, and also respected to the convention of the language community. For example, kaghatiku nobhie fotuno ‘my kite is heavy on the head’, convey metaphorical meaning ‘someone who has a stubborn nature, does not like being advised, or a person who is lazy to think forward to develop their potential.’

Keywords: Metaphors, kaghati, Muna language, ecolinguistic perspective
Jordanian Wedding Invitation as a Genre: An Analysis of Rhetorical Structure and Linguistic Features

Jordanian Wedding Invitation as a Genre: An Analysis of Rhetorical Structure and Linguistic Features

Authors: Murad Hassan Sawalmeh
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

The present study is an attempt to conduct a genre analysis of Jordanian wedding invitations. Drawing on the model of genre analysis proposed by Bhatia (1993), a sample of 200 Jordanian wedding invitation cards has been collected and examined to provide an overview of the main linguistic devices used in the texts and analyze to what extent such devices have a social purpose. The corpus analysis revealed that Wedding invitation cards go beyond announcing the wedding of two people to mirroring and deconstructing the social practices, values and beliefs of the Jordanian society that shape the construction of this genre. I hope that the results of this study will be of help in further raising cultural awareness.

Keywords: generic structure, genre analysis, socio-cultural values, linguistic features, wedding invitation
The Chivalric Tradition in Sir Garwain and the Green Knight

The Chivalric Tradition in Sir Garwain and the Green Knight

Authors: Justine Bakuuro
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Sir Gawain continuously proves his knightly virtues and code of honor. Chivalry includes bravery, honor, and courtesy. He proves that he is in fact a "real" Knight. He shows his bravery by shying away from nothing and no one. He proves his honor and courtesy to everyone he meets by showing respect to all whether he receives it back or not.In this poem, romance is largely judged by itself. The poet allows the unfolding of the story to lead us to look beneath even the attractive surface of chivalry, a Chaucerian method. Comment from the poet-narrator is kept to a minimum, and one is not aware of a strong narratorial personality. If his few interventions have anything in common, it is that they direct the reader to serious implications, like the comment at the end of the first fitt (487-90). The poem may be thought of as focusing on three figures, each of whom represents a distinct thematic element: Gawain, Bertilak (and his household), and Arthur (and his court). Much of the poem's meaning is generated from the interrelation of these three elements, and they are the source of the three judgments offered on Gawain's conduct. I shall attempt an exploration of the chivalric qualities of this rich romantic poem.

Keywords: Sir Garwain and the Green Knight, Chaucerian Method,
A Socio-pragmatic Study of Speeches Delivered on Marital Engagement Occasions in North Jordan

A Socio-pragmatic Study of Speeches Delivered on Marital Engagement Occasions in North Jordan

Authors: Mustafa Mohammad Al Qudah
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

This study attempts to delineate the socio-pragmatic functions of the exchanged speeches in marital engagements in North Jordan in light of politeness and face management notions. It also intends to examine the relationship between the linguistic etiquette expressions exchanged on marital engagement and certain variables such as age, literacy, sociocultural, and socioeconomic factors. A handful of recorded speech events on marital engagement were collected from different parts in North Jordan alongside some notes. These recordings and notes are transliterated and translated into English. Next, the data are analyzed in terms of an appropriate socio-pragmatic account. The study came up with the following conclusions concerning the linguistic components of the speech events of marital engagement. These include greeting, complimenting, requesting, using relevant religious texts, honorifics, expressions of solidarity, and expressions of camaraderie. These linguistic components constitute the linguistic etiquette norms, and they are intended to express positive politeness and positive face. Moreover, all these components are used to show consideration, regard, and respect between the interlocutors in the marital speech events in North Jordan. Furthermore, the findings show that variables such as age, literacy, socioeconomic, and sociocultural factors strongly affect the process of selecting the interlocutors who are authorized to talk on behalf of the girl's and the man's families. These variables are based on deference, respect, and veneration.

Keywords: Linguistic Etiquette; Politeness; Face; Speech Acts; Socio-pragmatic functions Author:
The Child's Acquisition of English Articles

The Child's Acquisition of English Articles

Authors: Haytham Yousef Obeid
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

This study is designed to investigative English morphemes and the order of acquisition of these morphemes by children learning English as their first language. In particular, it examines and describes the acquisition of English articles the and a. The data used for analysis are downloaded from CHILDES. It analyzes the speech of Eve, one of the subjects of Brown (1963). The study reveals, among others, that English articles' acquisition is gradual and fluctuates.

Keywords:
The Post-Colonial Reality in Chinua Achebe’s Novel Things Fall Apart (1958)

The Post-Colonial Reality in Chinua Achebe’s Novel Things Fall Apart (1958)

Authors: Fatima Zahra El Arbaoui
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

Literature, as an impersonation of human activity, often portrays a picture of what people think, say and do in the society. In literature, we find stories intended to depict human life and activities through some characters that, by their words, actions and responses, transmit specific messages for the purpose of education, information and stimulation. Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart is probably the most authentic narrative ever written about life in Nigeria at the turn of the twentieth century. When it was first published, Achebe declared that one of his motivations was to introduce a real and dynamic society to a Western audience who perceived African society as primitive, naive, and backward. Unless Africans could recount their side of their story, Achebe believed that the African experience would forever be "mistold," even by such well-disposed authors as Joyce Cary and Joseph Conrad who have described the continent as a dusky place dwelled by people with stolid, primitive minds. Achebe, perhaps the most authentic literary voice from Africa, he wrote not only to record the African, especially Nigerian, life but to analyze the reality experienced by the native people in different times and situations. The novel Things Fall Apart describes the Igbo people at a truly seminal stage in their history and culture: as colonial forces apply pressure, their entire way of life is at stake. These looming colonial forces basically declare the end of everything they know, representing huge changes to the way they exercise religion, their family unit, the roles of gender and gender relations and trade. Colonial forces don’t just mean foreign control; rather there’s an impending doom which is instantaneous and calamitous and which is something that Achebe examines head on. In this regard, the paper is an attempt to show Achebe’s endeavor to portray the post-colonial African reality in all its varied colors and textures and to find out the extent to which this novel faithfully mirrors the postcolonial impress that shadow the hopes and aspirations of the community that he belongs to.

Keywords: Africa; Economy; Literature; Reality; Religion; Politics; Post-Colonialism; Society
Literary/Critical Theory and Orwell’s Idea of “A Good Bad Poem”: Thoughts on a Beginner’s Annotated Poetry Textbook for the Arabian Gulf Students

Literary/Critical Theory and Orwell’s Idea of “A Good Bad Poem”: Thoughts on a Beginner’s Annotated Poetry Textbook for the Arabian Gulf Students

Authors: Jalal Uddin Khan
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

This article is about what the author argues to be the ideal contents of an annotated poetry textbook for the native Arab students in the Arabian Gulf considering their not so well developed command/proficiency in English, their limited exposure to English, and their conservative society compared with the rest of the world. It suggests that only short, simple, and charming lyrics, containing moral and didactic lessons, about the love of God, country, humanity, pastoral simplicities of nature, religion (any religion), elegiac lament, local culture, and country house traditions would be the ideal contents of a textbook for the young college students in the Arabian Gulf. Poems about revolutionary politics, physical love, and queer sexual orientations being out of line/place with the culture of the region, the article considers the existing textbooks not suitable. The proposed textbook should also consist of what are called “good bad” poems by Orwell. At the same time, the textbook in question to be used during the delivery of a course on introduction to poetry should include some well-known definitions of poetry as well as some simplified basics of modern literary and critical theory

Keywords: Arabian Gulf; students; Poetry Textbook; Ideal Contents; Modern Theory

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